Fi Asia 2018

Faster, cheaper, simpler: How to improve Indonesia’s halal certification regime

By Pearly Neo

- Last updated on GMT

Dr Yuliana (second from left) with other speakers at the Halal Seminar in Fi Asia, Jakarta.
Dr Yuliana (second from left) with other speakers at the Halal Seminar in Fi Asia, Jakarta.

Related tags Halal Halal certification Indonesia Technology

The development of halal food analytical science is vital to further develop and support certification and credibility in Indonesia.

Dr Nancy Dewi Yuliana from the Assessment Institute for Food, Drugs and Cosmetic, Majlis of Ulama of Indonesia (LPPOM MUI) emphasised on the need for advanced, faster analytical methods to answer various challenges in halal certification at FI Asia in Jakarta.

“Some halal issues cannot solely be solved by onsite halal audits and need confirmation by lab analysis,” ​said Dr Yuliana.

“Advanced analytical methods need to be developed and [these] should be able to answer [challenges faced in the Indonesian halal certification process].”

The challenges Dr Yuliana surfaced included the ability to trace target molecules in minute amounts, within a complex mixture, or which have been transformed into different forms post-processing.

“Additionally, these new methods need to be fast, cheap and have [a] simple sample preparation [process],”​ she added.

“What we really need is a rapid detection kit for routine analysis. More periodical, advanced validations can be performed using more sophisticated tools [in the lab].”

In Indonesia, it is compulsory for products undergoing halal screening to be lab tested for alcohol residue and pork/other non-halal meats.

The only rapid screening tools available for halal screening at present are porcine detection kits, alcohol detection kits and e-nose machines (for ethanol screening).

The lab tools most used for halal screening are Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) machines, High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) machines and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) machines, all of which are generally bulky and time-consuming.

When is lab analysis most useful?

Dr Yuliana highlighted some ‘failures’​ of the halal certification process, including fake certificates/logos being used, contamination during the supply chain, and suppliers changing materials/processing aids or adding hidden ingredients without informing manufacturers.

“In situations like this, lab analytical tools might help,’​ she said.

She also emphasised that in Indonesia, a halal certificate is only valid for two years, and that during this period, only approved materials from approved manufacturers/suppliers can be used.

“Any change in halal critical materials, or in the vendors/suppliers of these materials, without first informing the certifying body is not allowed,” ​she warned.

“[Failure to comply] means that the certificate is no longer valid.”

Limitations of lab analysis

That said, Dr Yuliana also expounded on the current limitations of lab analysis in the halal certification process.

“Lab analysis can be useful but not always,” ​said Dr Yuliana.

“It can answer some of the limitations of halal audits, but not issues like the meat origins (halal vs non-halal), or about processing aids [like enzymes or other agents]that are not present in the final product.”

 “[As] some issues still cannot be solely solved by lab analysis, [when this happens], we need to look at the paper work to trace the origin of materials,”​ she explained.

“If material traceability becomes impossible, [we then need to bring in a] fatwa from Ulama [to confirm whether halal certification can be granted.]”

A fatwa is a formal ruling or interpretation on a point of Islamic law. This is generally given by an Islamic religious leader or a qualified legal scholar (mufti).

Related news

Show more

Related products

show more

Elevate your snacks with novel cheese flavours

Elevate your snacks with novel cheese flavours

Content provided by Givaudan | 23-Feb-2024 | Product Brochure

Aside from conducting desk research to understand snacking preferences and taste profiles among consumers in the Asia Pacific, Givaudan also embarked on...

How Korean culture penetrated the APAC food industry?

How Korean culture penetrated the APAC food industry?

Content provided by BIOSPRINGER, natural Yeast ingredients | 17-Jan-2024 | White Paper

Korean food is on-trend in Asia. We mainly find Korean taste in noodles, sauces & dressings, pickled condiments, ready meals and savory snacks.

Empowering Women Through the Life Cycle

Empowering Women Through the Life Cycle

Content provided by Glanbia Nutritionals | 07-Nov-2023 | Product Brochure

As discussions around female empowerment widen, and advances in women’s health access and provision accelerate, the implications for business, healthcare,...

Analyzing the unknown threat from Microplastics

Analyzing the unknown threat from Microplastics

Content provided by Agilent Technologies | 06-Nov-2023 | Infographic

Microplastics are any plastic-derived synthetic solid particle or polymeric matrix, ranging in size from 1 µm to 5 mm and insoluble in water.

Related suppliers

Follow us


View more


Food & Beverage Trailblazers

F&B Trailblazers Podcast