Cargill opens $100m Indonesian cocoa plant
The Gresik factory will produce Cargill’s Gerkens cocoa powders as well as cocoa liquor and butter.
Cargill will take on an additional 300 people at the 70,000 metric ton (MT) processing plant.
The company has sourced cocoa from Indonesia since 1995. It will primarily source cocoa beans for the factory from Sulawesi.
Supporting cocoa production
Indonesia is Asia premier cocoa producer, but pests and diseases threaten its output.
Cocoa production in Indonesia fell from 410,000 MT in the previous season to 405,000 MT in the 2013/14 crop year due to pest infestation and farmers switching to coffee, which is less vulnerable to plant disease, according to a recent update from the International Cocoa Organization (ICCO).
Cargill plans to train 4,500 cocoa farmers in newly created Farmer Field Schools in the Bone and Soppeng regencies that will teach how to guard against pests and diseases, such as Cocoa Pod Borer (CPB), Black Pod and Vascular-Streak Dieback (VSD).
Indonesia: Asia’s leading grinder
While cocoa production in Indonesia is lagging, cocoa grindings in the country rose dramatically in 2013/14 and Indonesia surpassed Malaysia as Asia largest cocoa processor for the first time. Grindings in the country grew by nearly 21% to 322,000 MT, according to the ICCO.
Mintel previously valued the Indonesian chocolate confectionery market at $867.1m in 2012 and expects it to grow by 24% by the end of 2014.
Cargill was recently overtaken as the world’s largest cocoa grinder by Barry Callebaut, which last year added extra capacity by acquiring Petra Foods' ingredients division.
Its other cocoa sourcing and processing facilities are located in Western Europe, Vietnam, Cameroon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Brazil and the US.
Last year, Barry Callebaut opened a $33m cocoa processing facility in Makassar, Indonesia, in a joint venture with cocoa trader P.T. Comextra Majora. Barry Callebaut also acquired a cocoa processing plant in Indonesia through the Petra Foods deal.