The document, which was released by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council, said that policies and technological support will be improved to protect agricultural resources and increase their efficiency. Such resources will also be prevented from being tapped excessively, according to the paper.
The amount of land dedicated to arable farming will never shrink to less than 120m hectares by guarantee, while farmland will be protected in "quantity, quality and biodiversity," it said, reiterating a ban on turning woodland into farmland.
Policies and technology should be improved to prevent further pollution in agricultural production and support will be given to recycling farming.
Biodiversity protection will be boosted. By 2020, woodland coverage will be above 23% and wetland acreage will be above 53m hectares.
To boost food safety, the document outlined how China would tailor its national standards on residues in food from pesticide and veterinary drugs to be on par with international conventions by 2020.
Meanwhile, China will include courses for farmers in a bid to modernise agriculture. Full-time junior farmers enrolled in training courses will able to apply for financial support as part of a five-year programme to improve professional knowledge and skills.